Dr. Birmingham has been changing lives for over 35 years with his groundbreaking internationally recognized treatments. His world-renowned work with neurofeedback has helped people recover from eating disorders, depression, anxiety, ADHD, cognitive dysfunction and more.

Credentials

 

POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION

University of British Columbia BSc Cell Biology 1972

University of British Columbia MD Medicine 1975

University of British Columbia MHSc Epidemiology and Biostatistics 1990-92

 

SPECIAL PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS

St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto – Rotating Internship 1975-76

College of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C. – License #7836 1976

St. Paul’s Hospital, Vancouver, B.C. – Resident 1976-77

St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto – Resident 1977-79

St. Paul’s Hospital, Vancouver, B.C. – Chief Resident & Teaching Fellow 1979-80

FRCPC – Certificate #3914 1980

ABIM – Certificate #100741 1984

FACP – American College of Physicians 1986

FAED- Academy of Eating Disorders Fellow 2007

 

GRADUATE STUDENTS SUPERVISED

Wanfang Su Doctoral

Thesis, Family & Nutritional Sciences, UBC

1991-1993 P. Jones,  C.L. Birmingham

 

Dan Legoff Doctoral

Thesis Psychology, SFU

1992-1993 C. Davis, C.L. Birmingham

 

Charitini Orphanidou

Masters Thesis, Family & Nutritional Sciences, UBC

1992-1994 L. McCargar, C.L. Birmingham

 

Jenny Muller

Masters Thesis, Family & Nutritional Sciences, UBC

1995 1997 C.L. Birmingham

 

Scott Lear

Masters Thesis, Heart Program, U.B.C.

1996-1998 J. Frohlich, C.L. Birmingham

 

Scott Lear

Doctoral Thesis – MRC Scholar, Heart Program,U.B.C

1999-2001 J. Frohlich, C.L. Birmingham

 

Nadia Aleem

Postgraduate Trainee

2001 C.L. Birmingham

 

Dr W.Abumelha

Head of Family Practice Saudi Arabia

Post Doctoral Fellowship in Eating Disorders

2001-2002 C.L. Birmingham

 

Samantha Kelleher

Post Doctoral Fellowship in Eating Disorders

2001-2002 C.L. Birmingham, Michael Myers

 

Naresh Mondraty

PhD in Medicine (Psychiatry) University of Sydney

2001-2002 P Beumont, C.L. Birmingham

 

Tanya Hechler

PhD (psychology) University of Sydney

2001-2002 P Beumont, C.L. Birmingham

 

Paul Gallant

PhD (kinesiology) University of BC

2005-7 Crocker C.L. Birmingham

 

Julia Raudzus

Research in Psychiatry Fellowship

2006-2007 C.L. Birmingham

 

Zubin Amarsi

MHA – HCEC 590 Research Project.

2006-2007 Aslam Anis, C.L. Birmingham

 

Scott Garrison

Master Experimental Medicine UBC

2007-2008 C.L. Birmingham, B Koehler

 

Scott Garrison

PhD Experimental Medicine UBC

2008 Karim Khan, C.L. Birmingham

 

VISITING PROFESSOR

Maudsley Hospital Eating Disorder Unit, May 1999

University of Sydney, August 1999

Cairo, Egypt, 2001

Laval University, June 2001

University of Sydney, July 2001

Universities of Sydney & Melbourne, November 2002

Oslo and Bergen, Norway, 2004

Oslo and Bergen Norway, 2006

University of Sydney, Australia 2012

Medicine Hat College, Alberta 2012

 

 

RESEARCH OR EQUIVALENT GRANTS/CONTRACTS

U.B.C. Weight Cycling

$2,400 1983

C.L. B. Parrot, Laval

UBC Student Grant

 

Research Plateaus in Weight Loss

$3,500 1983

BCMSF

 

British Columbia Health Care Research Foundation

Weight Loss Plateaus

$31,489 1985

R. Tonkin, C.L. Birmingham

BCMSF

 

Lilly Multicenter C

$100,053 1988-1990

Pharmaceuticals Fluoxetine in the Treatment of Non-insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus

Lilly Pharmaceuticals

 

Effect of Dietary Fat in Obesity

$48,738 1988-1990

P. Jones, C.L. Birmingham

BCMSF

 

Zinc in anorexia

$29,569 1988-1991

C.L. Birmingham, E. Goldner

BCMSF

 

Weight Cycling

$21,136 1988-1991

C.L. Birmingham, Linda McCargar

BCMSF

 

Beef Board of Canada

Zinc and Iron Intake

NC $10,000 1990

C.L. Birmingham, E.M. Goldner

Beef Board of Canada

 

Chronic Ambulatory Patients with Anorexia Nervosa

$2,000 1991

E Goldner, C.L. Birmingham

St. Paul’s Foundation

 

Mechanism of Weight Loss of Ileogastrostomy

$31,750 1991-1994

P. Jones, C.L. Birmingham

BCMSF

 

Measurement of body fat by BIA

$29,580 1991-1994

C.L.Birmingham, EM Goldner

BCMSF

 

Weight cycling

$24,053 1992

C.L. Birmingham, Linda McCargar

BCMSF

 

Weight gain in anorexia nervosa

$23,600 1993-1994

E.M. Goldner, C.L. Birmingham

BCMSF

 

Recovery in Anorexia Nervosa

$2,000 1994 Grant in aid.

C.L. Birmingham, EM Goldner

SPH

 

Metabolic cart

$50,000 1994

C.L. Birmingham, E Goldner

1/2 Saint Paul’s Foundation Equipment Grant

1/2Woodward Foundation Grant

 

Body Fat vs. Body Weight Measurement

$25,000 1995

C.L. Birmingham, E.M Goldner

BCMSF

 

JanssenPharmaceutic

Cisapride

NC $5,000 1996

C.L.Birmingham

 

Predictors of weight loss

Hoffman LaRoche

$2,000 1997

 

Predicting Caloric requirements for weight gain in AN

$17,800 1997

C.L. Birmingham

BCMSF

 

Leptin and Anorexia Nervosa

$3,500 1997

C.L. Birmingham

BCMSF

 

Exercise in Anorexia Nervosa

$1700  1997

R. Pauly, C.L. Birmingham

St. Paul’s Hospital Foundation

 

The Cost of Obesity in Canada

NC $72,000 1997

C.L. Birmingham, A. Anis, A. Palepu, J. Spinelli, V. Thien

Hoffman La Roche

 

Anorexia nervosa and the heart

$3,500 1999

C.L. Birmingham

PMAC

 

Anorexia nervosa and the heart

$17,400 1999

C.L. Birmingham, Scott Lear, Jennifer Kenyon

Vancouver Foundation

 

Identifying the prevalence of atherosclerosis in females with anorexia nervosa

$15,240 1999

C.L. Birmingham, Scott Lear

BCMSF

 

Manual for the prevention of eating disorders

$70,000 1999 2001

C.L. Birmingham

Ministry of Children and Families

Development Grant

 

Development of an Algorithm for the Treatment of Obesity

NC $5,000 2000

C.L. Birmingham

Hoffman LaRoche

 

Epidemiology of eating disorders in BC

$80,000 2000

C.L. Birmingham

BC Government Grant

 

Development of obesity teaching resource in BC

$10,000 2000

C. L. Birmingham

Hoffman La Roche

 

Creation of a Centre for Innovation in Nutrition Research in BC

C $2,253,662  2000

S. Innis, C.L. Birmingham and others at the Children and Families Research Foundation Nutrition Focus

Government of Canada Infrastructure Grant

 

Epidemiology of eating disorders in BC

$80,000 2001

C.L. Birmingham

BC Government Grant

 

Epidemiology of eating disorders in BC

$80,000 2002

C.L. Birmingham

BC Government Grant

 

The PET scan in Anorexia Nervosa

Up to 100 doses or radioactive glucose

($150k) 2001 -2002

CL Birmingham, Al Belzberg

 

TRIUMPH UBC

A quantitative analysis of the influence of malnutrition on lung structure and function

C $27,600 2001 -2002

H Coxson, C.L. Birmingham, JR Mayo

BC Lung Foundation

 

A treatment program for shoplifting in patients with eating disorders

$2,500 2001

B Russell, C.L. Birmingham

Chris Spencer Foundation

 

Research assistant funding assistant for Dr. Birmingham

$90,000 2003-2005

C.L. Birmingham

PHSA

 

A Comparison of the Differential Distribution of Body Fat In Four Ethnic Populations

$137,317 2003-2006

C.S. Lear, C.L. Birmingham,  A. Chockalingam, JJ Fohlich , Humphries

CIHR

 

Infrastructure funding

$150,000 2004

S. Innis, C.L .Birmingham and Michel Smith Foundation

 

Dysrhythmia in anorexia nervosa

$3500 2004

C.L. Birmingham, Marla Keiss

CIHR

 

Prevention program for eating disorders

$30,000 2005

O’Hagan, C.L. Birmingham

Vancouver Foundation

 

Exercise and energy use in anorexia nervosa

$3,500 2005

C.L. Birmingham

UBC Student Grant

 

Research assistant funding assistant for Dr. Birmingham

$90,000 2005-2007

C.L. Birmingham

PHSA

 

Research assistant for Dr. Birmingham

10,000.00 2005

Looking Glass Foundation

 

Magnesium & Nocturnal Leg Cramps

C 30,000.00 2006-8

Scott Garrison, C.L. Birmingham

Vancouver Foundation

 

Cost of obesity in Canada

250,000 2007

Aslam Anis, C.L. Birmingham

Sanofi Research grant

 

SERVICE TO THE UNIVERSITY

University of British Columbia – Faculty of Medicine

1986 Member, Review Committee of Therapeutics 453

1986 Member, Undergraduate Curriculum Objectives Committee

1987-88 Member, Curriculum Evaluation Committee

1987-90 Member, Faculty Residency Committee

1987-90 Member, Executive Committee of the Faculty Residency Committee

1989-90 Member, Medical Manpower Committee

University of British Columbia – Department of Medicine

1980-86 Member, Undergraduate Education Committee

1987-90 Director, Postgraduate Education Program, Department of Medicine

1987-90 Chairman, Postgraduate Education Committee, Department of Medicine

1991 Member of the Committee to Study the Final Year of the Internal Medicine Residency Program

1993-99 Head, General Internal Medicine

1993-99 Executive Committee, Department of Medicine

 

University of British Columbia – Department of Psychiatry

2000- 2003 Associate Member

2003-Member

2003- 2008 Professor and Director, Eating Disorders Program, Division of Behavioural Science

2003-2008 Member, Executive Committee

 

University of British Columbia –Department of Health Care and Epidemiology

1992- Associate member, Clinical Trials Division

 

University of British Columbia – Faculty of Agriculture – Dept of Family & Nutritional Sciences

1990 -2007 Adjunct Research Professor

University of British Columbia – Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

1999 – 2006 Clinical Instructor

 

Department of Medicine, St. Paul’s Hospital

1980- Department of Medicine – St. Paul’s Hospital

1980-86 Director, Undergraduate Teaching for the Department of Medicine

1980- 2008 Member, Department of Medicine

1983-98 Director, Division of Internal Medicine

1985-95 Chairman, Clinical Teaching Units Directors Committee

1985-96 Director, 7A Clinical Teaching Unit

1985- 90 Member, Continuing Medical Education Course Planning Committee

1986-87 Director, Residency Training in Internal Medicine

1986-93 Acting Chief of Medicine during Chief of Medicine’s absences

1986-95 Member, Executive Committee, Department of Medicine

1990-91 Member, Clinical Advisory Committee to Renal Studies

1993-95 Associate Head, Department of Medicine

 

Department of Psychiatry – St. Paul’s Hospital

1989-90 Co-Director, Eating Disorder Unit (C2B)

1989- 2008 Member, Department of Psychiatry

1994- 2008 Director, In-Patient Eating Disorder Program

 

Mentor Function

Met with most residents who do the Royal College exams to both examine them and advise them on methods of passing the Royal College exams, as a previous member of the Examining Board for Canada.

2008- Mentor to physician at the request of the BC College of Physicians and Surgeons

 

St. Paul’s Hospital, Vancouver, BC

1999 – 2008 BC Provincial Director for Eating Disorders

1999 – 2001 Manager, BC Eating Disorder Resource Centre

St. Paul’s Hospital

1981-86 Chairman, Medical Records Committee

1981-86 Member, Medical Audit Committee

1985-92 Member, Hospital Computer Advisory Committee Task Force

1985-95 Chairman, Credentials Committee

1985-95 Member, Medical Advisory Committee

1986-87 Member, Medical Education Committee

1986-89 Director, Eating Disorders Clinic

1986-93 Chairman, Eating Disorders Committee

1987 Member, Search and Selection Committee for Head, Department of          Psychiatry

1989- 1999 Co-Director, Eating Disorders Clinic

1999-2008 Medical Director Eating Disorders Program

 

Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre

1994-2003 Consultant Staff, Division of Internal Medicine

 

SERVICE TO THE COMMUNITY

1980- Member, British Columbia Medical Association

1980- Member, Canadian Medical Association

1980- Member, College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia

1980- Member, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

1980- Member, American College of Physicians

1984- Member, Canadian Society of Internal Medicine

1984- Member, British Columbia Society of Internal Medicine

1994- 1997 Editor, Newsletter, Canadian Society of Internal Medicine

1998 – Member, Academy for Eating Disorders

1999 – Member, Eating Disorder Research Society

2001- 2007 Chairman, Neuroimaging Special Interest Group, Academy of Eating Disorders

2005- Senior Associate Clinician Scientist, Children & Family Research Institute, British Columbia Children’s Hospital

2006 Inaugural Fellow, BC Institute of Mental Health

2007 – 2008 Scientist, Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, British Columbia

2007 –Investigator, Brain Research Institute, British Columbia

 

Memberships on other societies, including offices held and dates

1989- 93 Member, Keith Journal Club

 

Memberships on scholarly committees, including offices held and dates

1984-86 Member, Executive Committee, British Columbia Society of Internal Medicine

1984-86 Member, Executive Committee and Signatory for the re-establishment of the Canadian

Society of Internal Medicine

1991-94 Member of the Council of the Canadian Society of Internal Medicine

2000 Member, Canadian Advisory Committee, D B Brown Chair on Obesity Research

 

Editorships

1983  Guest Editor, British Columbia Medical Association. 25(7).

1995 – 1998 Co-Editor, Canadian Society of Internal Medicine Newsletter

2000 – 2001 Chief Editorial Advisor for Internal Medicine and Family Practice, Doody Publishing

2004-Associate Editor European Journal of Obesity & Eating Disorders

2008-Academic Associate Editor BMC Psychiatry

2008- Editor Board Member, Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention

 

Reviewer

1988- Reviewer, Canadian Medical Association Journal

1989-90 Member, Editorial Advisory Board, The Canadian Medical Educator’s Bulletin

1994- Reviewer, Scientific Presentations, Annual Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons Meeting

1996- Reviewer, International Journal of Eating Disorders

1996- 2000 Reviewer, Journal SOGC

1996- Reviewer, The Lancet

1997- Reviewer, Psychiatric Foundation of Canada

1998 – Reviewer, Canadian Psychiatric Foundation

1999 – Reviewer, Medical Research Council of Canada

1999 – 2007 Reviewer, Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, St Paul’s Hospital

2000 – Reviewer, International Journal of Obesity

2002 – Reviewer, Canadian Institute of Health Research

2002- Reviewer, International Journal of Psychoneuroendocrinology.

2002- Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Member National Review Committee on Nutrition

2002- Reviewer, European Journal of Obesity & Eating Disorders

2004- Reviewer, Primary Psychiatry

2005 Reviewer, Health Statistics Division of Statistics Canada

2006 Reviewer, Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science

2006 Reviewer, Journal of Medical Economics

2007- Reviewer, Clinical Nutrition

2007- Reviewer, Archives of General Psychiatry

2007 – Reviewer, Stress and Health

2008 – Nutrition Research

 

External examiner

1985-90 Member of the Board of Examiners for Internal Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

1987 Local Coordinator, Oral Examinations (Internal Medicine), Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

1989 Local Coordinator, Oral Examinations (Internal Medicine), Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

 

Consultant

1980- Medical Consultant to the Drug and Poison Information Centre of British Columbia

1981-85 Executive Medical Director, McGavin’s Food Limited (Canada)

1984- Member, British Columbia Medical Association, Nutrition Committee

1985-86 Member, British Columbia Children’s Hospital, Eating Disorders Research Group

1985-96 Medical Consultant to the Drug Usage Review Board of British Columbia

1985- 98 Member, Medical Advisory Committee, British Columbia Medical Services Foundation

1986 – 98 Chairman, Eating Disorders Task Force, Subcommittee of the B.C. Medical Association Nutrition Committee

1987-90 Member, Canadian Internal Medicine Program Directors’ Committee

1990 Corresponding Member, Test Committee for Internal Medicine, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

1991- Member, Provincial Steering Committee on Eating Disorders

1991- Member, Professional Advisory Committee ANAD (Anorexia Nervosa and Related Disorders), B.C.

1992- Chairman, Evaluation Committee of the Eating Disorder Resource Centre of British Columbia

1992- Chairman, Medical Review Board, B.C. Drug and Poison Information Centre

1994-95 Member, Medical Advisory Committee, B.C. Health Research Foundation

1996 Member, Medical Review Panel, Drug Usage Review Program

1999 – Consultant, New South Wales Mental Health, regarding eating disorders treatment strategy

2000 – Expert Witness, Montreux Hearing, Victoria, B.C. April 22, 1999

 

Other service to the community

1984-88 Sidesman, St. Stephen’s Anglican Church, West Vancouver, B.C.

1985-88 Member, Church Committee and Finance Committee, St. Stephen’s Anglican Church, WestVancouver, B.C.

1985-93 Assistant Coach, West Vancouver Minor Soccer Association

1985-97 Coach/Assistant Coach, West Vancouver Minor Hockey Association

1986-87 Rector’s Warden and Delegate to Synod, St. Stephen’s Anglican Church, West Vancouver, B.C.

1986-87 Instructor, Olympics of the Mind

1992- 98 Assistant Coach, West Vancouver Little League

1993-94 Physician, First-Aid Ski Patrol (FASP), Grouse Mountain

1994-98 Coach, West Vancouver Minor Hockey Association

1999-2001 Trainer, West Vancouver Minor Hockey Association

Publications

NON-REFEREED PUBLICATIONS
  1. Birmingham CL. Obesity – editorial (and volume editor). British Columbia Medical Association Journal. 25(7):345 (1983)
  2. Birmingham CL. Obesity: an overview. British Columbia Medical Association Journal. 25(7):346-347 (1983)
  3. Gourlay RH, Westgate G, Stevenson TK, Birmingham CL. Surgical treatment of obesity. British Columbia Medical Association Journal. 25(7):360-361 (1983)
  4. Birmingham CL, Van Hees JM, Weir IH. General Internal Medicine in a Canadian Teaching Hospital: an alternative model. Annals of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. 20:447-449 (1987)
  5. Webb JG, Birmingham CL. Cardiac effects of dieting. Practical Cardiology. 13(10):104-109 (1987) Birmingham CL, Leonard RK. How to examine the obese patient. Diagnosis. 6(3):25-37 (1989)
  6. Birmingham CL. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia: medical complications and management. The British Columbia Medical Journal. 31(3):155-158 (1989)
  7. Birmingham CL, Hainc M. Involuntary weight loss: An approach to investigation. Annals of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. 23(6):441-443 (1990)
  8. Kaye V, Birmingham CL. Eating disorders in pregnancy. Journal of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada. 15(5):604-608 (1993)
  9. Goldner EM, Smye V, Birmingham CL. An approach to individuals with eating disorders who refuse treatment. Eating Disorders Review 8(6) (1997)
  10. Goldner EM, Birmingham CL, Smye V. Addressing treatment refusal in anorexia nervosa: clinical, ethical, and legal issues. Academy for Eating Disorders Newsletter. (1997)
  11. Lee KMN, Jonat LM, Birmingham CL. Obesity diagnosis and treatment algorithm. British Columbia Medical Journal. 44(3):126-130 (2002)
  12. Birmingham CL. Clinical aspects of eating disorders. Clinical Nutrition Rounds. 3(2):2-7 (2003)
  13. Birmingham CL. Do obese people have metabolic rates, which are different from non-obese people? The Canadian Journal of Diagnosis. 20(12):23 (2003)
  14. Birmingham CL. Predicting arrhythmias during treatment of anorexia nervosa. Eating Disorders Review. 18(6):1 (2007)
  15. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM, Peric M. Availability of facilities for the treatment of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in British Columbia. For the British Columbia Medical Association. (1986)
  16. Bakan R, Birmingham CL, Aeberhardt L, Goldner EM. Dietary intake of zinc in patients with anorexia nervosa. For the Beef Information Centre. (1991)
  17. Goldner EM, Smye V, Birmingham CL. An approach to individuals with eating disorders who refuse treatment. Eating Disorders Review. (1997)
  18. Birmingham CL. BC’s eating disorder program looks toward outpatient model. Canadian Medical Association Journal 162(5):684 (2000)
  19. Birmingham CL. Osler and scientific reasoning. British Columbia Medical Journal 42(2):82-84 (2000)
  20. Birmingham CL. Necessity – The Mother of Invention. Open Letter to the Vancouver Medical Association. (1995)
  21. Birmingham CL. Education in General Internal Medicine. Canadian Society of Internal Medicine Newsletter. (1995)
  22. Birmingham CL. Medical issues in eating disorders. Rapport. 8(1):2-3 (1993)
  23. Birmingham CL. Medical therapies for obesity. Patient Care Canada. 19(9):52-60 (1999)
REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Journals

  1. Birmingham CL, Peretz DI. Metastatic carcinoma presenting as obstruction to the right ventricular outflow tract. American Heart Journal. 97(2):229-232 (1979)
  2. Chan RMT, Graham HR, Birmingham CL. Toxic shock syndrome in a patient with system lupus erythematosis. The Canadian Medical Association Journal. 129:1201-1202 (1983)
  3. Birmingham CL, Smith KC. Human chorionic gonadotrophin is of no value in the management of obesity. Canadian Medical Association Journal 28:1156-1157 (1983)
  4. Smith KD, Birmingham CL, Murphy KC, Grymalowski MR. Renal cell carcinoma presenting as Budd-Chairi Syndrome. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 130:12-13 (1983)
  5. Ross J, Birmingham CL. Wernicke’s Encephalopathy. New England Journal of Medicine. 313(10):637 (1985)
  6. Birmingham CL, Chang PC, Cleator IGM. Mechanical dysphagia in a patient with bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 6(4):561-564 (1987)
  7. Wong C, Birmingham CL, Tildesley HD. Hyperthyroidism and bulimia: a case report. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 6(6):763-765 (1987)
  8. Webb JG, Birmingham CL, Macdonald IL. Electrocardiographic abnormalities in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 7(6):785-790 (1988)
  9. Goodchild K, Birmingham CL, Shick R. Cerebrovascular accidents in anorexia nervosa: a case report. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 7(6):853-858 (1988)
  10. Gambling DR, Birmingham CL, Jenkins LC. Magnesium and the anesthetist. The Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia. 35(6):644-654 (1988)
  11. Dingee CK, Cleator IGM, MacFarlane JK, Christensen RM, Birmingham CL, Appelby J, Gourlay RH. Follow-up of patients who have undergone Ileogastrostomy. Canadian Journal of Surgery. 33(1):25-27 (1990)
  12. Kim-Sing A, Birmingham CL. Clinical use of magnesium supplementation. Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. 43(4):161-166 (1990)
  13. Smith J, Birmingham CL. HIV seropositivity and deliberate weight gain. The New England Journal of Medicine (letter). 322(15):1089-1090 (1990)
  14. Cleator IGM, Dingee CK, Birmingham CL, Christensen, RM, MacFarlane JK, Gourlay RH. The mechanism of weight loss after ileogastrostomy for morbid obesity. Obesity Surgery. 1:271-274 (1991)
  15. Westgate FG, Birmingham CL. Gastric banding for morbid obesity: the Saint Paul’s experience. Obesity Surgery. 1:287-291 (1991)
  16. Bakan R, Birmingham CL, Goldner EM. Chronicity in anorexia nervosa: pregnancy and birth complications. The International Journal of Eating Disorders. 10(6):631-645 (1991)
  17. Goldner EM, Cockhill LA, Bakan R, Birmingham CL. Dissociative experiences and eating disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry. 148(9): 1274-5 (1991)
  18. Jones JH, Ridgen JE, Phang PT, Birmingham CL. Influence of dietary fat polyunsaturated to saturated ratio on energy substrate utilization in obesity. Metabolism: Clinical & Experimental. 41(4):396-401 (1992)
  19. Bakan R, Birmingham CL, Aeberhardt L, Goldner EM. Dietary zinc intake of vegetarian and non-vegetarian patients with anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 13(2):229-233 (1993)
  20. McCargar L, Birmingham CL, Simmons D, Craton N, Taunton J. Physiological effects of weight cycling in female light-weight rowers. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. 18(3):291-303 (1993)
  21. Cleator IGM, Holden J, Brosseuk DK, Dingee CK, Christensen RM, Birmingham CL, Appleby J, Gourlay RH. Liver biopsies following ileogastrostomy. Obesity Surgery. 3:253-255 (1993)
  22. McCargar L, Taunton J, Birmingham CL, Pare S, Simmons D. Metabolic and anthropometric changes in female weight cyclers and controls over a 1-year period. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 93 (9):1025-30 (1993)
  23. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM, Bakan R. Controlled trial of zinc supplementation in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 15(3):251-256 (1994)
  24. Kam T, Birmingham CL, Goldner EM. Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome & anorexia nervosa: a case report. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 16(1):101-103 (1994)
  25. Birmingham CL, Cleator IGM. Invited Commentary on Obesity Surgery. Obesity Surgery 4 No.3 (1994)
  26. Cleator IGM, Rae AJ, Birmingham CL. Helicobacter pylori-induced diarrhea post-ileogastrostomy. Obesity Surgery 4(3):293-296 (1994)
  27. Orphanidou C, McCargar L, Birmingham CL, Mathieson J, Goldner EM. Accuracy of subcutaneous fat measurement: Comparison of skinfold calipers, ultrasound and computed tomography. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 94(8): 855-858 (1994)
  28. Kopala LC, Good K, Goldner E, Birmingham CL. Olfactory identification ability in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. 20(4):283-286 (1995)
  29. Su W, Jones PJH, Cleator IGM, Phang PT, Birmingham CL. Determinants of weight loss following ileogastrostomy. International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders. 20(5):481-7 (1996)
  30. Birmingham CL, Jones PJ, Orphanidou C, Bakan R, Cleator IGM, Goldner EM, Phang T. The reliability of bioelectrical impedance analysis for measuring changes in the body composition of patients with anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 19(3): 311-315 (1996)
  31. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM, Alothman A. Anorexia nervosa: refeeding and hypophosphatemia. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 20(2):211-213 (1996)
  32. Cleator IGM, Rae A, Birmingham CL. Ulcerogenesis following gastric procedure for obesity. Obesity Surgery. 6(3):260-261 (1996)
  33. Orphanidou C, McCargar LJ, Birmingham CL, Belzberg AS. Changes in body composition and fat distribution after short-term weight gain in patients with anorexia nervosa. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 65(4):1034-41 (1997)
  34. Leung M, Birmingham CL. Food fight: the management of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Pharmacy Practice. 13(10):62-72 (1997)
  35. Geller J, Johnston C, Madsen K, Goldner EM, Remick RA, Birmingham CL. Shape- and weight-based self-esteem and the eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 24(3):285-98 (1998)
  36. Birmingham CL, Muller J, Goldner EM. Randomized trial of measures of body fat versus body weight in the treatment of anorexia nervosa. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders, 3(2):84-89 (1998)
  37. Lear SA, Pauly RP, Birmingham CL. Body fat, caloric intake, and plasma leptin levels in women with anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 26(3):283-194 (1999)
  38. Goldner EM, Srikameswaran S, Schroeder ML, Livesley WJ, Birmingham CL. Dimensional assessment of personality pathology in patients with eating disorders. Psychiatry Research. 85:151-159(1999)
  39. Birmingham CL, Stigant C, Goldner EM. Chest pain in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 25(2):219-222 (1999)
  40. Birmingham CL. Total parental nutrition in the critically ill patient. Lancet. 353(9159):1116-7 (1999)
  41. Kincaide D, Birmingham CL. Weight loss in women. Journal of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. 21(5):434-438 (1999)
  42. Kincaide D, Birmingham CL. Weight loss in pregnancy. Journal of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. 21(5):440-444 (1999)
  43. Cleator I, Polyakov G, Birmingham CL. Ileogastrostomy, or jejunoileal bypass with drainage of the bypassed bowel into the stomach. European Journal of Gastroenterology Hepatology. 11(2):85-88 (1999)
  44. Birmingham CL, Muller J, Palepu A, Spinelli J, Anis A. The cost of obesity in Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 160(4):483-8 (1999)
  45. Goldner EM, Geller J, Birmingham CL, Remick RA. Comparison of shoplifting behaviors in patients with eating disorders, psychiatric control subjects and undergraduate control subjects. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 45(5):471-5 (2000)
  46. Thien V, Thomas A, Markin D, Birmingham CL. Pilot study of a graded exercise program for the treatment of anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 28(1):101-106 (2000)
  47. Birmingham CL. Child hunger: semi-starvation study repeated in Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 163(8):985-6 (2000)
  48. Pauly RP, Lear SA, Hastings FC, Birmingham CL. Resting energy expenditure and plasma leptin levels in anorexia nervosa during acute refeeding. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 28(2):230-234 (2000)
  49. Ho AW, Birmingham CL. Anorexia nervosa remission during an episode of encephalitis. The International Journal of Eating Disorders. 29(1):97-99 (2001)
  50. Davidson H, Birmingham CL. Letter writing as a therapeutic tool. Eating and Weight Disorders 6(1): 40-4 (2001)
  51. Tyler I, Birmingham CL. Inter-rater reliability of physical signs in eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 30(3):343-345 (2001)
  52. Chen MM, Lear SA, Gao M, Frohlich JJ, Birmingham CL. Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of waist circumference and the waist-to-hip ratio. Obesity Research. 9:651 (2001)
  53. Birmingham CL, Jones P. Clinical nutrition: How much should Canadians eat? Canadian Medical Association Journal. 166(6):767-770 (2002)
  54. Su JC, Birmingham CL. Zinc supplementation in the treatment of anorexia nervosa. Eat Weight Disorders. 7(1):20-2 (2002)
  55. Lee KMN, Jonat LM, Birmingham CL. Obesity diagnosis and treatment algorithm. British Columbia Medical Journal. 44(3):126-130 (2002)
  56. Birmingham CL. Hypercarotenemia. New England Journal of Medicine. 347(3): 222-3 (2002)
  57. Tyler I, Wiseman MC, Crawford RI, Birmingham CL. Cutaneous manifestations of eating disorders. Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery. 6(4):345-53 (2002)
  58. Chanoine JP,Yeung LP, Wong AC, Birmingham CL, Immunoreactive ghrelin in human cord blood: relation to anthropometry, leptin, and growth hormone. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 35(3):282-6. (2002)
  59. Lear S, Chen J, Frohlich J, Birmingham CL. The relationship between waist circumference and metabolicrisk factors: Cohorts of European and Chinese descent. Metabolism 51(11):1427-32 (2002)
  60. Birmingham CL, Tan AO. Respiratory muscle weakness and anorexia nervosa.  International Journal of Eating Disorders. 33(2):230-3 (2003)
  61. Yeung LP, Wong AC, Wang X, Birmingham CL, Lewicka S, Chanoine JP Different Relationship Between Anthropometric Markers and Umbilical Cord Plasma Leptin in Asian and Caucasian Neonate Pediatric Research. 53(6):1019-24 (2003)
  62. Su JC, Birmingham CL. Differential diagnoses to consider at an eating disorders clinic. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 8:311-314 (2003)
  63. Uyeda L, Tyler I, Pinzon J, Birmingham, CL. Identification of patients with eating disorders. The signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders, 7(2): 116-123 (2002)
  64. Davidson H, Birmingham CL. Directives in anorexia nervosa: use of the Ulysses agreement. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 8(3):249-252 (2003)
  65. Birmingham CL, Jones P, Hoffer J. The management of adult obesity. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 8(2):157-163 (2003)
  66. Grewal S, Birmingham CL. Self-phlebotomy in eating disorders. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 8:336-340 (2003)
  67. Jonat L, Birmingham CL. Kidney stones in anorexia nervosa: a case report and review of the literature. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 8:332-335 (2003)
  68. Birmingham CL, Lear SA, Kenyon J, Chan SYM, Mancini GBJ, Frohlich J. Coronary atherosclerosis in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders 34 (3):375-7 (2003)
  69. Birmingham CL, Hodgson DM, Fung J, Brown R,Wakefield A, Bartrop R, Beaumont P. Reduced febrile response to bacterial infection in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 34(2): 269-72. (2003)
  70. Birmingham CL. Clinical aspects of eating disorders. Clinical Nutrition Rounds. 3(3) (2003)
  71. Harper J, Leung M, Birmingham CL. Prospective blinded trial of a laxative withdrawal protocol for eating disorders. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders 9:147-150 (2004)
  72. Birmingham CL, Su JC. Anorexia nervosa: The cost of long-term disability. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 8:76-79 (2003)
  73. Birmingham CL. Clinical decision analysis and anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 26(5):719-23 (2003)
  74. Vahasonini A, Vasquez R, Birmingham CL, Gutierrez E. Unreported sauna use in anorexia nervosa: evidence from the world-wide-web. Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 9:50-55 (2004)
  75. Birmingham CL. Autonomic dysfunction of the heart in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders 34(1): 69 (2003)
  76. Birmingham CL. Use of the glucagon test to monitor hypoglycemia in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders 34 (1):69 (2003)
  77. Marks P, Beumont P, Birmingham CL. GPs managing patients with eating disorders. A tiered approach. Australian Family Physician 32(7): 509-514 (2003)
  78. Lear SA, Toma M, Birmingham CL, Frohlich JJ. Modification of the relationship between simple anthropometric indices and risk factors by ethnic background. Metabolism. 52(10):1295-1301 (2003)
  79. Lear SA, Chen MM, Birmingham CL, Frohlich JJ. The relationship between simple anthropometric indices and C-reactive protein: ethnic and gender differences. Metabolism. 52(12):1542-6.(2003)
  80. Birmingham CL, Gutierrez E, Jonat L, Beumont P. Randomized controlled trial of warming in anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 35(2):234-238. (2004)
  81. Coxson HO, Chan IHT, Mayo JR, Hlynsky J, Nakano Y, Birmingham CL. Early emphysema in patients with anorexia nervosa. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine. 170(7):748-52 (2004)
  82. Birmingham CL, Boone S. Pancreatitis causing death in bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 36(2):234-7. (2004)
  83. Harper J, Leung M, Birmingham CL. A blinded laxative taper for patients with eating disorders. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 9(2):147-50. (2004)
  84. Beumont P. Hay P. Beumont D. Birmingham L. Derham H. Jordan A. Kohn M. McDermott B. Marks P. Mitchell J. Paxton S. Surgenor L. Thornton C. Wakefield A. Weigall S. Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists Clinical Practice Guidelines Team for Anorexia Nervosa. Australian and New Zealand clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of anorexia nervosa. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 38(9):659-70 (2004)
  85. Birmingham CL, Lauritzen L, Jonat LM. British Columbia Provincial Eating Disorders Program: an organizational description. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 9(4):306-8. (2004)
  86. Jonat LM, Birmingham CL. Disordered eating attitudes and behaviours in the high-school students of a rural Canadian community. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 9(4):285-9. (2004)
  87. Birmingham CL, Puddicombe D, Hlynsky J. Hypomagnesemia during refeeding in anorexia nervosa. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 9(3):236-7. (2004)
  88. Brown RF, Bartrop R, Beumont P, Birmingham CL. Bacterial infections in anorexia nervosa: delayed recognition increases complications. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 37(3):261-5 (2005)
  89. Coxson HO, Mayo JR, Birmingham CL. Anorexia nervosa and emphysema. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine. 172(3):398-9. (2005)
  90. Self RB, Birmingham CL, Elliott R, Zhang W, Thommasen HV. The prevalence of overweight adults living in a rural and remote community. The Bella Coola Valley. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders.10(2):133-8 (2005)
  91. Birmingham CL, Su J, Hlynsky JA, Goldner EM, Gao M. The mortality rate from anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 38(2):143-146 (2005)
  92. Krassioukov AV, Birmingham CL. A novel form of treatment resistance in anorexia nervosa. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 50(1):74. (2005)
  93. Mondraty N, Birmingham CL, Touyz S, Sundakov V, Chapman L, Beumont P. Randomized controlled trial of olanzapine in the treatment of cognitions in anorexia nervosa. Australas Psychiatry. 13(1):72-5. (2005)
  94. Thornton C, Touyz S, Birmingham CL. Eating disorders: management in general practice. Medicine Today. 6(10):29-36 (2005)
  95. Hlynsky J, Birmingham CL, Johnston M, Gritzner S. The agreement between the MedGem indirect calorimeter and a standard indirect calorimeter in anorexia nervosa. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 2005 10(4):e83-7 (2005)
  96. Birmingham CL, Hlynsky J, Russell B, Gritzner S. Pilot treatment program for shoplifting in eating disorders. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders.10(4):e105-8. (2005)
  97. Thommasen HV, Self B, Grigg A, Zhang W, Birmingham CL. The relationship between self-rated health, stress, health care, overall quality of life and weight in a rural population. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders.10(3):e66-9 (2005)
  98. Clare M, Gritzner S, Hlynsky J, Birmingham CL. Measuring change in parotid gland size: test-retest reliability of a novel method. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders.10(3):e61-5 (2005)
  99. Birmingham CL, Hlynsky J, Whiteside L, Geller J. Caloric requirement for refeeding inpatients with anorexia nervosa: the contribution of anxiety exercise, and cigarette smoking. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders.10(1):e6-9 (2005)
  100. Puddicombe DM, Birmingham CL. Using the glucagon test to predict hypoglycemia in anorexia nervosa. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 11(2):e72-e74 (2006)
  101. Lear S, Birmingham CL, Chockalingam A, Humphries K. Study design of the multicultural community health assessment trial (M-CHAT): a comparison of body fat distribution in four distinct populations. Ethnicity and Disease 16(1):96-100 (2006)
  102. Birmingham CL, Gritzner S, Gutierrez E. Hyperthyroidism in anorexia nervosa: case report and review of the literature. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2006 Nov;39(7):619-20 (2006)
  103. Birmingham CL, Firoz T. Rumination in Eating Disorders: Literature review. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 11(3):e85-9 (2006)
  104. Cleator IGM, Birmingham CL, Kovacevic S, Cleator MM, Gritzner S. Long-term effect of ileogastrostomy surgery for morbid obesity on diabetes mellitus and sleep apnea. Obesity Surgery 16: (10):1337-41 (2006)
  105. Birmingham CL, Gritzner S. How does zinc supplementation benefit anorexia nervosa? The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders.11(4):e109-11. (2006)
  106. Birmingham CL, Gritzner S. Heart failure in anorexia nervosa: case report and review of the literature. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 12(1):e7-10. (2007)
  107. Birmingham CL, Cardew S, Gritzner S. Gastric bezoar in anorexia nervosa. The Journal of Eating and Weight Disorders. 12(2):e28-9 (2007)
  108. Lear SA, Humphries KH, Kohli S, Frohlich JJ, Birmingham CL, Mancini GB. Visceral Adipose Tissue, a
  109. Potential Risk Factor for Carotid Atherosclerosis. Results of the Multicultural Community Health Assessment Trial (M-CHAT). Stroke. 38(9):2422-9 (2007)
  110. Lear SA, Humphries KH, Kohli S, Chockalingam A, Frohlich JJ, Birmingham CL. Visceral adipose tissue accumulation differs according to ethnic background: results of the Multicultural Community Health Assessment Trial (M-CHAT).Am J Clin Nutr. 86(2):353-9 (2007)
  111. Procyshyn RM, Wasan KM, Thornton AE, Barr AM, Chen EY, Pomarol-Clotet E, Stip E, Williams R, Macewan GW, Birmingham CL, Honer WG; for the Clozapine and Risperidone Enhancement Study Group. Changes in serum lipids, independent of weight, are associated with changes in symptoms during long-term clozapine treatment.J Psychiatry Neurosci. 32(5):331-338. (2007)
  112. Lear SA, Humphries KH, Frohlich JJ, Birmingham CL. Appropriateness of current thresholds for obesity-related measures among Aboriginal people. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 177(12):1499-505. (2007)
  113. Lear SA, Humphries KH, Kohli S, Birmingham CL. The Use of BMI and Waist Circumference as Surrogates of Body Fat Differs by Ethnicity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 15(11):2817-24. (2007)
  114. Birmingham CL, Sidhu FK. Complementary and alternative medical treatments for anorexia nervosa: case report and review of the literature. Eat Weight Disorders. 12(3):e51-3. (2007)
  115. Birmingham CL, Sidhu FK. An algorithm for the diagnosis of Münchausen’s syndrome in eating disorders. Eat Weight Disorders. 12(4):e75-7. (2007)
  116. Birmingham CL. The nutritional management of eating disorders Minerva Psichiatrica. 48(4): 397 (2007) Harbottle EJ, Birmingham CL, Sayani F.Anorexia nervosa: a survival analysis. Eat Weight Disord. 13 (2):e32-4. (2008)
  117. Abraham NK, Birmingham CL. Is there evidence that religion is a risk factor for eating disorders? Eat Weight Disord. 13(4):e75-8. (2008)
  118. Mazloum A, Johnston M, Lundrigan M, Birmingham CL. The interrater reliability of rating non-exercise activity of inpatients with eating disorders using a visual analogue scale.Eat Weight Disord. 13 (4):e100-102. (2008)
  119. Birmingham CL, Touyz S, Harbottle J. Are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa separate disorders? Challenging the ‘transdiagnostic’ theory of eating disorders. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 17(1):2-13. (2009)
  120. Guh DP, Zhang W, Bansback N, Amarsi Z, Birmingham CL, Anis AH.The incidence of co-morbidities related to obesity and overweight: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health. 9(1):88. (2009)
  121. Clave-Brule M, Mazloum A, Park RJ, Harbottle EJ, Birmingham CL. Managing anxiety in eating disorders with knitting. Eat Weight Disord. 14:e1-5. (2009)
  122. Anis AH, Zhang W, Bansback N, Guh DP, Amarsi Z, Birmingham CL. Obesity and overweight in Canada: an updated cost-of-illness study. Obes Rev. 2010 Jan;11(1):31-40. Epub 2009 Apr 21. (2009)
  123. Mui TSY, McElhaney JE, Sanford AJ, Coxson HO, Birmingham CL, Li Y, Man SFP. Telomere length and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: evidence of accelerated aging. J Am Geriatr Soc.57:12 2372-2374 (2009)
  124. Innis SM, Birmingham CL, Harbottle EJ. Are plasma homocysteine and methionine elevated when binging and purging behavior complicates anorexia nervosa? Evidence against the transdiagnostic theory of eating disorders. Eat Weight Disord. 14(4):e184-9 (2009)
  125. Garrison SR, Birmingham CL, Koehler BE, McCollom RA, Khan KM. The effect of magnesium infusion on rest cramps: randomized controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Jun;66(6):661-6.
  126. Gutierrez E, Carrera O, Vazquez R, Birmingham CL. Climate might be considered as a risk factor for anorexia nervosa? A hypothesis worth another look. Eat Behav. 2013 Aug;14(3):278-80.

 

Abstracts

  1.  Goldner EM, Geller J, Srikameswaran S, Madsen K, Birmingham CL. Childhood sexual abuse: A comparison of women with eating disorders according to presence and type of sexual abuse. Proceedings of the Canadian Psychiatric Association, 45th Annual Meeting, Victoria, B.C. (1985)
  2. Birmingham CL, Gourlay RH, Cleator IGM, Boyko W. Hepatic cirrhosis post-intestinal bypass. Clinical and Investigative Medicine. 8(3):A113 (1985)
  3. Chiasson JL, Lau DCW, Leiter LA, Tildesley HD, Birmingham CL, Ekoe JM, Hamet P, Hoffer LJ, Verdy M, Yale JF. Fluoxitene has potential in obese NIDDM, multi-centre Canadian trial. Diabetes. 38(2):154A (1987)
  4. Bakan R, Birmingham CL, Goldner EM. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of zinc. The Second International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York. (1988)
  5. Birmingham CL, Montaner J. The subjectivity of standards for the assessment of clinical competence in internal medicine residents. The Second Ottawa Conference on Assessing Clinical Competence, Ottawa, Ontario. (1989)
  6. Birmingham CL, Hainc M. Involuntary weight loss: an approach to investigation. Invited Lecture to the Canadian Society of Internal Medicine at the Annual Meeting of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Edmonton, Alberta. (1989)
  7. Bakan R, Birmingham CL, Goldner EM: Anorexia Nervosa: a neurodevelopmental model. Fourth International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York, New York. (1989)
  8. Jones PJH, Ridgen JE, Phang PT, Birmingham CL. Thermogenic response to high and low polyunsaturated: saturated ratio dietary fat in obesity. American Society of Clinical Nutrition Meeting, (1991)
  9. Goldner EM, Cockhill LA, Bakan R, Birmingham CL, Srikameswaran SM. Dissociative experience in eating disorders. Forty-First Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychiatric Association, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. (1991)
  10. McCargar L, Paré S, Taunton J, Birmingham CL. Profiles of female weight cyclers and noncyclers. North American Association for the Study of Obesity/Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, Sacramento, California. (1991)
  11. Birmingham CL. Involuntary weight loss. Medifacts Tape. 21(7): (1991)
  12. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM, Bakan R. A controlled trial of zinc in anorexia nervosa. Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York, New York. (1992)
  13. Goldner EM, Srikameswaran S, Livesley J, Schroeder M, Birmingham CL. An empirically based classification of eating disorders derived from dimensional personality. Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York, New York. (1992)
  14. Goldner EM, Srikameswaran S, Birmingham CL. The Rating of Eating Disorders Severity (REDS): An interview-based instrument for assessment of the severity of eating disorders. Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York, New York. (1992)
  15. McCargar L, Simmons D, Craton D, Taunton J, Birmingham CL. The effects of weight cycling in female light-weight rowers over a one year period. Journal Canadian Dietetic Association. 53:230. (1992)
  16. McCargar L, Taunton J, Birmingham CL, Paré S, Simmons D. Metabolic assessment of female weight cyclers and controls over a one year period. Proc 35th Mtg Canadian Federation of Biology Society. 35:83 (1992)
  17. Orphanidou C, McCargar L, Birmingham CL, Mathieson J, Goldner E. Comparison of measurements of subcutaneous fat by skinfold calipers, ultrasound and computed tomography. Journal Canadian Dietetic Association 545:78 (1993)
  18. Orphanidou C, McCargar LJ, Birmingham CL, Belzberg AS. Body fat distribution and body composition changes after short-term weight gain in anorexia nervosa patients. The American Society for Clinical Nutrition. San Diego, CA, (1994)
  19. Orphanidou C, McCargar L, Birmingham CL. Body fat distribution and body composition changes after short-term weight gain in anorexia nervosa patients. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Eating Disorders, New York, New York, (1994)
  20. Birmingham CL. History of Medicine. Special Reviewer for the Annual Meeting of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, (1994)
  21. McCargar LJ, Orphanidou C, Su W, Jones PJH, Birmingham CL, Belzberg AS, Cleator IGM. Composition of body weight change in short term weight loss and weight gain measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). North American Association for the Study of Obesity (NAASO), (1995)
  22. McCargar LJ, Orphanidou C, Su W, Jones PJH, Birmingham CL, Belzberg AS, Cleator IGM. Changes in body composition after short term weight loss and weight gain measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Obesity Research 3 (Suppl 3):3662. (1995)
  23. Geller J, Goldner EM, MacKay E, McCargar L, Birmingham CL. Risk factors for the development of eating disorders in a university population. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Eating Disorders, New York, NY. (1996)
  24. Goldner EM, Geller J, McCargar LJ, Mackay EM, Birmingham CL. Psychological predictors of eating disorder symptomatology in dieting women. Proceedings of the International Conference on Eating Disorders, Bronx, NY. April 27 (1996)
  25. Birmingham CL, Stigant C, Wiebe A. Anorexia nervosa and the heart: chest pain. Proceedings of the Third London International Conference on Eating Disorders, London, England. April 15 – 17, (1997)
  26. Birmingham CL, Muller J. Obesity from the Canadian perspective. Obesity Research, Volume 5, Supplement I, 012, 3S (1997)
  27. Birmingham CL, Muller J, Palepu A, Spinelli J, Anis A. Cost of obesity in Canada, Obesity Canada Symposium, CP East Toronto Hotel, Toronto, Ontario, (1999)
  28. Cleator IGM, Bremsak I, Ployakov G, Birmingham CL, Meneilly G, Pederson RA, McIntosh CHS. Reduction of circulating leptin levels following ileo-gastrostomy for morbid obesity. 9th European Congress on Obesity, Milan, Italy. (1999)
  29. Beaumont P, Yager J, Birmingham CL. Devising guidelines for anorexia nervosa: 9th International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York, New York. (2000)
  30. Russell G, Birmingham CL, Ramsy R. Involuntary admission in anorexia nervosa: indications, clinical decision analysis, follow up. 9th International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York, New York (2000)
  31. Birmingham CL, Mulller J, White J. Development of a provincial plan for eating disorders prevention. 9th International Congress on Eating Disorders, New York, New York (2000)
  32. Barzuca MM, Birmingham CL, Polyakov G, Cleator IGM. Oxalate renal stones post ileogastrostomy. 10th European Congress on Obesity. Antwerp, Belgium (2000)
  33. Lear SA, Chen M, Frohlich JJ, Birmingham CL. Waist circumference targets in two ethnic populations. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 16(suppl F):204F (2000)
  34. Lear SA, Kenyon J, Chan SY, Mancini GBJ, Birmingham CL. Identifying the prevalence of atherosclerosis in female patients with anorexia nervosa. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 16(suppl F): 204F (2000)
  35. Birmingham CL, Metaanalysis of zinc in anorexia nervosa. Sixth Annual Eating Disorders Research Society, Prien Germany, (2000)
  36. Tyler I, Birmingham CL. Interrater reliability of physical signs in eating disorders. Sixth Annual Eating Disorders Research Society, Prien, Germany (2000)
  37. Birmingham CL, Lear S, Frohlich J, Mancini J, Chan S, Kenyon J. Atherosclerosis in anorexia nervosa. Sixth Annual Eating Disorders Research Society, Prien, Germany (2000)
  38. Chanoine JP, Birmingham CL. Leptin levels in neonates. NAASO, Quebec, Canada, (2001)
  39. Birmingham CL, Su JC. Anorexia nervosa: The cost of long-term disability. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, New Mexico, USA. (2001)
  40. Birmingham CL, Su JC. Differential diagnoses to consider at an eating disorders. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, New Mexico, USA. (2001)
  41. Su JC, Birmingham CL. Mortality in a cohort of eating disorder patients. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, New Mexico, USA. (2001)
  42. Birmingham CL. Health risks of obesity. Asia-Pacific Eating Disorder Conference. Melbourne, Australia. (2002)
  43. Birmingham CL. Refeeding in eating disorders. Asia-Pacific Eating Disorder Conference. Melbourne Australia. (2002)
  44. Hechler T, Beumont P, Touyz S, Westerterp K, R Laessle, Birmingham CL. Physical activity over two seasons: a prospective study in anorexia nervosa patients and controls. Asia-Pacific Eating Disorder Conference. Melbourne, Australia. (2002)
  45. Mondraty N, Birmingham CL, Beumont P, Touza, S. A randomized controlled trial of olanzapine in anorexia nervosa. Asia-Pacific Eating Disorder Conference, Melbourne Australia. (2002)
  46. Brown R, Bartrop R, Birmingham CL, Beumont P. Immune dysfunction in anorexia nervosa: who don’t defects in immune system function increase the risk of infection? Asia-Pacific Eating Disorder Conference, Melbourne Australia. (2002)
  47. Birmingham CL. Medical management of anorexia nervosa. London International Conference on Eating Disorders, London, England. (2003)
  48. Birmingham CL. Neuroimaging in anorexia nervosa. London International Conference on Eating Disorders, London, England. (2003)
  49. Birmingham CL. Clinical management of obesity during adolescence. Canadian Society for Clinical Nutrition. Vancouver. (2003)
  50. Birmingham CL, Hlynsky J, Barin E, Beumont P. Autonomic Dysfunction of the Heart. International Congress on Eating Disorders, Denver Colorado. (2003)
  51. Birmingham CL, Puddicombe D, McKay J. The glucagon test in anorexia nervosa. International Congress on Eating Disorders, Denver Colorado. (2003)
  52. Birmingham CL, Hlynsky J. Estimating caloric requirements for inpatient refeeding in anorexia nervosa: incorporating exercise, anxiety and cigarette smoking. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, Ravello, Italy. (2003)
  53. Birmingham CL, Hlynsky J. Autonomic dysfunction of the heart in anorexia nervosa. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, Ravello, Italy, (2003)
  54. Hlynsky J, Birmingham CL. Neuroimaging of the brain in anorexia nervosa. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, Ravello, Italy. (2003)
  55. Mondraty N, Birmingham CL, Sundakov V, Chapman L, Beumont P. Does olanzapine reduce ruminative thoughts in patients with anorexia nervosa? Wishful thinking of an important adjunct to treatment. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, Ravello, Italy. (2003)
  56. Heckler T, Beumont P, Birmingham CL. Physical activity over three seasons in patients with anorexia nervosa and healthy controls. Eating Disorder Research Society Meeting, Ravello, Italy. (2003)
  57. Coxson H, Chan I, Birmingham CL, Mayo J R, Nasute-Fauerbach P V, Nakano Y. Anorexia and emphysema: CT Scan findings. 89th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, Chicago. (2003)
  58. Lear SA, Kohli S, Birmingham CL, Chockalingam A, Frohlich JJ, Humphries KH. Comparison of the differential distribution of body fat in four distinct populations: study design. Annual Meeting of the North American Association for the Study of Obesity. Las Vegas Nevada. Obesity Research 12:A247 (2004)
  59. Birmingham CL. The Canadian model of treatment for eating disorders. Plenary lecture. The Fifth Nordic Eating Disorder Conference. Oslo, Norway, (2004)
  60. Birmingham CL. The medical management of eating disorders. The Western Norway Eating Disorder Conference, Bergen Norway. (2004)
  61. Gritzner S, Birmingham CL, Alexander A. A randomized trial of strength training to yoga in anorexia nervosa. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Amsterdam, Holland. (2004)
  62. Birmingham CL, Gritzner S, Thommasen, Self B, Grigg A, Zhan W, Elliot R. Bella Coola study of obesity, prevalence and subjective measures of health. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Amsterdam, Holland. (2004)
  63. Birmingham CL, Hylnsky J, Gimbarzersky B, Stampfer H. Circadian heart pattern analysis in anorexia nervosa. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Amsterdam, Holland. (2004)
  64. Birmingham CL, Hylnsky J, Russell B, Gritzner S. Treatment program for shoplifting in eating disorders: a pilot study. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Amsterdam, Holland. (2004)
  65. Birmingham, CL. Clinical Decision Analysis of Anorexia Nervosa. 29th International Congress on Law and Mental Health. Sorbonne, Paris, France. (2005)
  66. Woods P, Gritzner S, and Birmingham CL Summer camp for adolescent females with eating disorders: program evaluation. International Congress on Eating Disorders, Barcelona, Spain. (2006)
  67. Lear S, Kohli S, Birmingham CL, Frohlich J, Chan S, Mancini J. Is fat in the arms and legs protective against atherosclerosis? North American Association for the Study of Obesity. Boston, USA. (2006)
  68. Lear S, Kohli S, Birmingham CL, Frohlich J, Chan S, Mancini J. Visceral Adipose Tissue is an Independent Predictor of Atherosclerosis. North American Association for the Study of Obesity. Boston, USA. (2006)
  69. Gallant P, Birmingham CL. Understanding treatment reluctance and copying strategies in males with eating disorders. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Port Douglas, Australia (2006)
  70. Gallant P, Birmingham CL. A description of quality of life concerns in males presenting for specialized eating disorders treatment Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Port Douglas, Australia (2006)
  71. Birmingham CL, Cleator I, Kovacevic S, Cleator M, Gritzner S. The long term effect of ileogastrostomy surgery for morbid obesity on diabetes mellitus and sleep apnea. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Port Douglas, Australia (2006)
  72. Gritzner S, Birmingham CL, Gutierrez E, Wong A. Pilot study of sauna treatment in anorexia nervosa Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Port Douglas, Australia (2006)
  73. Gritzner S, Birmingham CL, Mazloum A, Lewkis S. Application of IntegNeuro Software to the evaluation of cognitive function in AN patients: A Pilot Study Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Port Douglas, Australia (2006)
  74. Birmingham CL, Extreme refeeding. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Port Douglas, Australia (2006)
  75. Lear SA, Birmingham CL, Kohli S, Chockalingam A, Frohlich JJ, Humphries KH. Ethnic-specific differences in visceral fat explain differences in risk factors among Aboriginal, Chinese, European and South Asian populations. Obesity Rev;7(suppl 2):61. (2006)
  76. Lear SA, Kohli S, Birmingham CL, Frohlich JJ, Chan S, Mancini GBJ. Visceral adipose tissue is an independent predictor of atherosclerosis. Obesity 2006; 14(suppl A):A261. Lear SA, Kohli S, Birmingham CL, Frohlich JJ, Chan S, Mancini GBJ. Is fat in the arms and legs protective against atherosclerosis? Obesity 2006; 14(suppl A):A261
  77. Lear SA, Birmingham CL, Kohli S, Chockalingam A, Frohlich JJ, Humphries KH. Visceral fat distribution is dependent on ethnic background in populations of Aboriginal, Chinese, European and South Asian origin. Obesity Rev;7(suppl 2):349. (2006)
  78. Lear SA, Birmingham CL, Kohli S, Chockalingam A, Frohlich JJ, Humphries KH. Body mass index and waist circumference do not reflect the same amount of percent body fat and visceral fat in Aboriginal, Chinese, European and South Asian populations. Obesity Rev;7(suppl 2):350. (2006)
  79. Coxson HO, Hlynsky J, Storness-Bliss C, Gritzner S, Mayo JR, Birmingham CL. The use of computed tomography (CT) to quantify lung structural change in anorexia nervosa. American Thoracic Society Meeting San Francisco (2007)
  80. Gritzner S, Birmingham CL, Mazloum A, Lewkis S. Pilot study of computer based cognitive assessment of anorexia nervosa. Western Psychological Association. Vancouver (2007)
  81. Lear SA, Humphries KH, Kohli S, Chockalingam A, Frohlich JJ, Birmingham CL. Obesity: Not all populations are the same. National Atherosclerosis Forum, September 28-30, Montreal, Canada
  82. Geller J, Srikameswaran S, Birmingham L, Brown K, Jones M, Abizadeh J. An Alternative Model of Eating Disorder Service Delivery Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Pittsburgh, USA (2007)
  83. Geller J, Srikameswaran S, Birmingham CL, Jones M, Brown K. A readiness-based model of service delivery in the eating disorders Eating Disorders Association of Canada Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (2008)
  84. Geller J, Srikameswaran S, Birmingham CL, Jones M, Brown K. A readiness-based model of service delivery in the eating disorders Eating Disorders Association of Canada Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (2008)
  85. Birmingham CL. Treatment of medical complications of anorexia nervosa that can cause death. Eating Disorders Association of Canada Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (2008)
  86. Birmingham CL. Non-exercise activity thermogenesis in anorexia nervosa. Eating Disorders Association of Canada Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (2008)
  87. Birmingham CL, Harbottle J, Rodie D, Tung S. Pilot study of the frequency of arrhythmias in anorexia nervosa. Eating Disorders Association of Canada Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (2008)
  88. Gallant P, Birmingham CL. Treatment engagement for a community sample of males with eating disorders: Health promotion, self-help, and support using collaborative qualitative research. Eating Disorders Research Society Meeting, Montreal, Canada 2008
  89. Gallant P, Birmingham CL, Smye V, Crocker P. Improving access to health and understanding of stigmatized stakeholders through community engagement: males with eating disorders. National Health Care Leadership Conference, Newfoundland. (2009)
  90. Birmingham CL, Innis S, Harbottle J. Biochemical evidence against the Transdiagnostic Theory of eating disorders. International Congress on Eating Disorders, Cancun, Mexico. (2009)
  91. Garrison S, Birmingham CL, Koehler B. Magnesium Status and Effect of Magnesium Infusions on Nocturnal Leg Cramps. North American Primary Care Research Group (Montreal) (2009)
  92. Garrison S, Birmingham CL, Koehler B. Magnesium Status and Effect of Magnesium Infusions on Nocturnal Leg Cramps. UBC Experimental Medicine Student Research Day (2009)

 

Books

  1. William GA, Birmingham CL, editors. Poison Management Manual. British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre, Vancouver, B.C., (1981)
  2. Birmingham CL, Ruedy J. Medical Review Board: British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre, Poison Management Manual. Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, Ottawa, Ontario, (1984)
  3. Birmingham CL. Member of Medical Review Board: Drug Information Reference. British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre, Vancouver B.C., (1985)
  4. Birmingham CL. Member of Medical Review Board: Drug Information Reference. British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre, Vancouver, B.C., (1987)
  5. Preventing Disordered Eating: A Manual to Promote Best Practices for Working with Children, Youth, Families, and Communities. Province of British Columbia. (2001)
  6. Birmingham CL. Chairman, Medical Review Board: Drug Information Reference, Fifth Edition, Eds. Cardario BJ, Leathem AM. British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre, Vancouver, B.C., (2003)
  7. Birmingham CL, Beumont P. “The medical management of eating disorders”. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge U.K., (2004)
  8. Birmingham CL, Treasure J. “The medical management of eating disorders”. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge U.K., (2010)

 

Chapters

  1. Birmingham CL, Ruedy J. “Obesity” Internal Medicine, C.A. Guenter, ed. Churchill Livingstone, New York, 16-22 (1983)
  2. Birmingham CL. “Medical Complications – Perspectives for Research”. Eating Disorders in Adolescents National Institute of Health, Canada, 9-10 (1992)
  3. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM. “Eating Disorders”. Therapeutic Choices, Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, Canada (1994)
  4. Goldner EM, Birmingham CL. “Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa”. Understanding Eating Disorders, ed., LeeAnn Alexander-Mott, D. Barry Lumsden, Taylor & Francis, Washington, DC. 135-157 (1994)
  5. Goldner EM, Birmingham CL, Smye V. “Addressing Treatment Refusal in Anorexia Nervosa: Clinical, Ethical, and Legal Considerations”. Handbook of Treatment for Eating Disorders, ed., David Garner, Taylor & Francis, IJED, Los Angeles, CA. 450-461 (1996)
  6. Birmingham CL, Cleator IGM, Goldner EM. “Obesity”. Current Diagnosis 9, ed., Rex B Conn, William Z Borer and Jack W Snyder, WB Saunders Co., Phil. 1214-1217 (1997)
  7. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM. “Eating Disorders”. Therapeutic Choices (2nd Edition), Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, Canada 38-45 (1998)
  8. Cleator I, Polyakov G, Birmingham CL. “Ileogastrostomy or jejunoileal bypass with drainage of the bypassed bowel into the stomach”. Surgery for the Morbidly Obese Patient (1999)
  9. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM. “Eating Disorders”. Therapeutic Choices (3rd Edition). Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, Canada, 836-842 (2000)
  10. Beaumont P, Touyz S, Birmingham CL. “Medication Treatment of Eating Disorders”. MIMMS 2002 Australian Edition (2002)
  11. Birmingham CL. “The chronic patient”. Workbook for Family Doctors in the NSW Shared Care Project. Ed. Marks P, Beumont PJV. Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Sydney (2002)
  12. Brown R, Bartrop R, Birmingham CL, Beumont P. “Immunological disturbances in anorexia nervosa: a review.” Selected Papers from the 1st Asian Pacific Eating Disorders Congress. ed., Burrows G, Bosanac P, Beumont P, The University of Melbourne. 17-25 (2002)
  13. Mondraty NK, Birmingham CL, Touyz SW, Beumont P. “The role of antipsychotics in anorexia nervosa?” Selected Papers from the 1st Asian Pacific Eating Disorders Congress. ed., Burrows G, Bosanac P, Beumont P, The University of Melbourne. 81-85 (2002)
  14. Mondraty NK, Birmingham CL, Touyz SW, Beumont P. “The role of antipsychotics in anorexia nervosa?” Selected Papers from the 1st Asian Pacific Eating Disorders Congress. ed., Burrows G,Bosanac P, Beumont P, The University of Melbourne. 81-85 (2002)
  15. Birmingham CL. “The art and science of refeeding.” Selected Papers from the 1st Asian Pacific Eating Disorders Congress. eds. Burrows G, Bosanac P, Beumont P, The University of Melbourne. 94-97 (2002)
  16. Birmingham CL. “The medical risks of obesity.” Selected Papers from the 1st Asian Pacific Eating Disorders Congress. eds. Burrows G, Bosanac P, Beumont P, The University of Melbourne. 124-127 (2002)
  17. Birmingham CL, Goldner EM. “Eating Disorders”. Therapeutic Choices (4th Edition). Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, Canada, (2004)
  18. Birmingham CL. “Chapter 16: Assessment and treatment of acute medical complications during the refeeding process.” Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents. eds. Jaffa T & McDermott B Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, 195-211 (2006)
  19. Birmingham CL. “Eating Disorders”. Therapeutic Choices (5th Edition). Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, Canada, 158-168 (2007)
  20. Mehler PS, Birmingham CL, Crow SJ, Jahraus JP. “ Medical Complications of Eating Disorders”. The Treatment of Eating Disorders. eds. Grilo CM, Mitchell JE. Guilford Press, New York, 66-81 (2010)

 

Book reviews

  1. Birmingham CL (book review). Nutrition and Immunology, Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, for Practical Allergy and Immunology. 1(2):50 (1986).
  2. Birmingham CL (book review). Clinical Problems in Acute Care Medicine, W.B. Saunders, Toronto, Ontario, for Canadian Medical Association Journal. 141(8):799 (1989)
  3. Birmingham CL (book review). True Nutrition, True Fitness, Humana, New Jersey, for the Canadian Medical Association Journal. 146(2): 193(1992).
  4. Birmingham CL (book review). Report of Task Force on the Treatment of Obesity, Health Services and Promotion Branch, Department of National Health and Welfare, Ottawa, for the Canadian Medical Association Journal. 146(8):1389 (1992)
  5. Birmingham CL (book review). “Taking Charge When On Call, On Call: Principles and Protocols, 2nd ed. Shane A. Marshall and John Ruedy for the Canadian Medical Association Journal. 393 (1993).
  6. Birmingham CL (book review). Nutrition Support Handbook: A Compendium of Products with Guidelines for Usage for the Canadian Medical Association Journal. (1993)
  7. Birmingham CL (book review). Mayo Clinic Diet Manual: A Handbook of Nutrition Practices, Mosby-Year Book, Inc. The Lancet. 344: 1143 (1994)
  8. Birmingham CL (book review). Nutrition support is a multidisciplinary effort: Contemporary Nutrition Support Practice – A Clinical Guide, LE Matarese, MM Gottsclich, WB Saunders for The Lancet 352: 1233 (1998)
C. Laird Birmingham MD
MHSc FRCPC FACP ABIM FAED
Specialist in Internal Medicine
Epidemiologist & Biostatistician
Professor of Psychiatry UBC
DrBirmingham.com
 
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